Nephrology Theory Questions of DNB

28 March 2012, 20:06

Dr. Tushar Maniar


These are Questions on Nephrology asked in DNB Theory Exams. They are arranged topic wise.

Enumerate   the complications of acute post-streptococcal glomerulonephritis. Describe   their management in brief. AGN Dec.10 3+7
SN diagnosis and management of recurrent hematuria ARF / AGN 1996
What are the causes of acute renal failure in children ? How   will you investigate such case? Discuss the management. ARF / AGN 1997
SN  Histopathological   changes in rapidly progressive glomerulonephritis ARF / AGN 1999
evaluation of a child with hematuria ARF / AGN 2000
SN  management of acute   renal failure ARF / AGN 2001
SN etiology of hematuria in the newborn ARF / AGN 2001
What are the causes of acute renal failure in a four year old   child. How wiill you investigae such a cse? Discuss the management of ARF ARF / AGN 2004
outline the etiopathogenesis of ARF in children, Duscuss briefly   the management. ARF / AGN 2005
Discuss the pathogenesis, Clinical features and mangement of   acute post streptococcal glomerulonephritis. ARF / AGN 2007
What is ARF? Llist the common causes leading to it . Tabulate   the laboratory inidces used to differentiate pre renal and intrinsic renal   failure. Outline the medical management of ARF. ARF / AGN 2008
Describe the pathogenesis of chronic renal failure and outline   important principles in the management of such case. CRF 1995
SN Biochemical and edoncrinal changes in chronic renal failure CRF 1997
SN   renal replacement therapy in end stage renal   disease CRF 2000
renal replacement therapy CRF 2006
Discuss renal replacement therapy CRF 2007
Discuss the use of recombinant human erythropoietin therapy(   indication, dose,  aim, precautions,   benefits and complications) in management of CRF. List reasons of resistance   to such therapy. CRF 2008
Write the common causes & differential diagnosis of gross   symptomatic haematuria. Provide an algorithm for its laboratory &   Radiological evaluation. haematuria Dec.10 2+2+6
Outline the differential diagnosis of an abdominal lump with   haematuria in a 3 year old child. Describe its investigations and treatment. haematuria Dec.2009 3+3+4
Describe the diagnostic approach & management of a six year   old child presenting with purpuric rash & pedal edema following an   episode of acute diarrhoea. HUS Dec.11 4+6
List the children to be selected for assessing renal function.   Briefly discuss th tests used to assess the renal function in children LATERAL THINKING 2004
SN non excretory functions of kideneys MISC 1996
SN etiopathogenesis and diagnosis of HUS MISC 1998
SN nephrogenic diabetes insipidus MISC 1998
SN neurogenic bladder MISC 1998
 SN toxic nephropathy MISC 2000
outline the development of glomerular filtration. Outline the   methods for evaluating GFR in children. MISC 2008
Outline the causes of red coloured urine. Provide an approach   for evaluation of a child with red coloured urine. nephro June.11 3+7
SN – what factors will you consider in deciding the prognosis of   child with nephrotic syndrome NEPHROTIC 1995
SN pathophysiology of Nephrotic syndrome NEPHROTIC 1996
SN proteinuria NEPHROTIC 1996
SN  Enumerate the   principles of management of Idiopathic Nephrotic syndrome. NEPHROTIC 1998
SN persistent asymptomatic proteinuria NEPHROTIC 1998
Write the management of a six years old child of nephrotic   syndrome who is frequntly relapsing. Enumerate complications that can occur NEPHROTIC 2006
persistent asymptomatic proteinuria NEPHROTIC 2007
Management of steroid dependent nephrotic syndrome NEPHROTIC 2007
Describe the diagnostic approach    & management in a case of frequently relapsing & steroid   dependent nephrotic syndrome. nephrotic Dec.2009 4+6
Management of steroid resistant nephrotic syndrome. Nephrotic June.10 10
Define steroid dependent & frequently relapsing nephrotic   syndrome. Describe management of an 8 year old child with frequent relapsing   nephrotic syndrome. Nephrotic June.11 2+2+6
Discuss the pathology, clinical manifestations, diagnosis &   treatment of infantile polycystic kidney. Renal Dec.11 2+2+3+3
Define renal osteodystrophy. Enumerate its clinical features   & outline the management. Renal Dec.2009 2+3+5
SN Classify types of renal tubular acidosis and their management   principles RTA 2005
Define anion gap and its utility. Outline the major causes of   metabolic acidosis in children. Outline the treatment of renal tubular   acidosis. RTA 2004
Pathogenesis, clinical features and management of distal RTA RTA 2007
 SN recurrent UTI in   childhood U 2002
SN  hypospadias UROLOGY 2001
outline the grades of VUR. Discuss the management of a child   with recurrent UTI with grade 4 VUR. UROLOGY 2004
Give the grading of vescico ureteral reflux. Outline its   evaluation and management in children UROLOGY 2007
describe the etiological factors, clinical manifesations and   management of children with UTI UTI 1995
SN management of 8 year old child with first attack of urinary   tract infection UTI 1999
SN recurrent UTI in an infant UTI 2000
Classify urinary tract infections an dprovide and algorithm for   management of a child with the first episode of UTI UTI 2005
imaging studies indicated in a child with UTI UTI 2006
Discuss the approach to a child with recurrent UTI. What are the   indications, goal, and schedule of antimicrobial prophylaxis in treating such   a child? UTI 2009
What are the clinical manifestations of urinary tract infections   (UTI) in children? Describe the plan of investigations & management of a   2 year old boy with recurrent UTI. UTI Dec.2009 2+4+4
Clinical features, grading & management of vesico – ureteric   reflux. VUR June.10 3+3+4
Define vesicoureteral reflux (VUR). Classify the grades of VUR.   Discuss in brief the medical & surgical management of VUR in children. VUR June.11 2+2+6
Discuss the pathogenesis of CCF and the role of   vasodialators  in its management 2001

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