Neonatology : Theory Questions of DNB

25 September 2012, 15:50

Dr. Tushar Maniar


Neonatology : DNB Theory Questions

Neonatology : DNB Theory Questions









These are Questions on Neonatology asked in DNB Theory Exams. They are arranged topic wise till 2011.

1 SN  hemorrhagic disease of newborn Bleed 2001
2 discuss   aetiopathogenesis, diagnosis and management of a bleeding neonate Bleed 2006
3 anemia   in newborn infant Bleed 2007
4 Define   polycythemia in a newborn. What are the factors predisposing to it? Describe   the impact of polycythemia on various systmes and thir clinical presentation.   Describe the management of polycythemia in newborn. Bleed 2008
5 Outline   the risk factors, pathophysiology & principles of management of   intraventricular haemorrhage in preterm neonates. Bleed Dec.10 3+3+4
6 Discuss   the causes, pathophysiology and management of circulatory failure in neonate cardio 2001
7 What   are the etiopathogenesis of PPHN. Outline the diagnosis and management. cardio 2005
8 persistent   pilmonary hypertension in newborn cardio 2006
9 Enumerate   the causes of PPHN in neonates and discuss the pathophysiolgy. cardio 2008
10 normal   cerebro spinal fluid circulation in the newborn and the changes tat take   place in aqueduct stenosis. cns 2005
11 SN   role of folic acid in the prevention of neural tube defects. cns 1998
12 SN   Etiopathogenesis of neonatal seizures cns 2002
13 Discuss   the etiology of cortical necrosis in newborn and older children seperately.   State the most important clinical manifestations of cortical injury and   factors determining prognosis. cns 2008
14 Treatment   and prevention of fetal disease fetal 2007
15 Mediacal   managemen of foetal problems fetal 2007
16 Briefly   discuss the normal fetal development of surfactant. List the uses of   surfactant in new born. fetal 2007
17 Outline   fetal circulation, discuss the diagnosis management of PPHN in newborn. fetal 2007
18 What   are methods of diagnosis of fetal disorders? Describe fetal medical &   surgical therapeutic options for various fetal disorders. Fetal Dec.2009 10
19 SN   – hypoxic ischemic encephalopathy in newborn HIE 1995
20 discuss   the aetiopathogenesis and management of birth asphyxia HIE 1996
21 SN   mechanism of neuronal damage due to HIE. HIE 1996
22 SN  clinical and laboratory corelates of   neuromotor outcome of birth asphyxia HIE 1997
23 SN   HIE HIE 1997
24 Discuss   briefly pathophysiology and recent modalities of management of HIE HIE 1999
25 Discuss   pathophysiology of hypoxic ischemic brain damage in newborn and its   management HIE 2001
26 SN  perinatal asphyxia clinical features and   management HIE 2002
27 Pathophysiology   of Hypoxic brain injury in neonate HIE 2006
28 Discuss   the pathophysiology of  HIE in   neonates. HIE 2009
29 Describe   the pathophysiology of hyaline membrane disease (HMD) in newborn. Outline   important available strategies to prevent HMD. HMD June.11 5+5
30 Enumerate   clinical features that indicate presence of a possible intra-uterine   infection in a neonate. Describe the interpretation of TORCH screen. I. U. Infect Dec.2009 6+4
31 Clinical   features, investigations & prevention of Congenital Rubella Syndrome I. U. Infect June.10 3+3+4
32 Outline   the clinical presentation, diagnosis & management of a neonate with   intrauterine CMV infection. I. U. Infect June.11 3+4+3
33 Enumerate   the etiology of fetal or intrauterine growth retardation (IUGR). Describe the   screening & diagnosis of IUGR. iugr Dec.11 3+4+3
34 SN   pathogenesis of kernicterus Jaundice 1996
35 A   three weeks old infant is broght to the hospital with the jauncdice, discuss   the diagnosis Jaundice 1997
36 SN  kernicterus Jaundice 1997
37 SN   diagnosis and management of persistent neonatal jaundice  at the age of 3 weeks in a term baby Jaundice 1998
38 Describe   the bilirubin metabolism, and list the causes and approach to the diagnosis   of hyperbilirubinemia in neonate Jaundice 2000
39 SN  Kernicterus Jaundice 2001
40 clinical   approach, investigations, and management of a neonate with choestatic   jaundice Jaundice 2006
41 persistent   jaundice in neonates Jaundice 2006
42 outline   the normal metabolism of bilrubin. Outline the principle of phototherapy for   treatment of neonatal jaundice. List factors that influence efficacy of   phototherapyl Jaundice 2008
43 Outline   the normal metabolism of bilrubin. Outline the principle of phototherapy for   treatment of neonatal jaundice. List factors that influence efficacy of   phototherapy Jaundice 2009
44 Outline   the normal bilirubin metabolism. Outline the principle of phototherapy for   treatment of neonatal jaundice. List factors that influence the efficacy of   phototherapy. Jaundice Dec.10 4+3+3
45 Critically   describe the role of various treatment modalities for treating neonatal   unconjugated hyerbilirubinemia. Jaundice Dec.11 10
46 Eneumerate   the socio demographic factors associated with low birth weight babies.   Discuss the clinical problems of preterm infants LBW-PT 1996
47 SN  composition of ideal formula for feeding   LBW babies LBW-PT 1997
48 SN   pathopysiology of apnea of prematurity LBW-PT 1997
49 SN  immune status of small for dates babies LBW-PT 1998
50 osteopenia   of prematurity LBW-PT 2006
51  SN meconium aspiration syndrome MAS 1997
52 Discuss   the pathogenesis and management of meconium aspiration syndrome MAS 2000
53 SN  screening tests for IEOM misc 1996
54 SN   hemorrhagic disease of the newborn infant misc 1996
55 SN   placental dysfunction syndrome misc 1996
56 SN   role of oxygen free radical in the pathogenesis  of neonatal disorders misc 1996
57 SN  hypothermia in newborn misc 1997
58 Discuss   the pathogenesis of CCF and the role of vasodialators  in its management misc 1997
59 SN   antenatal diagnosis misc 1998
60 SN   care of the newborn in the delivery room misc 1998
61 SN  Prenatal steroid therapy misc 1999
62 SN  steps in resuscitation of newborn misc 2000
63 SN   fetal circulation misc 2000
64 SN   fetal circulation misc 2001
65 SN   Role of vitamin E in prematures misc 2001
66 what   are the methods of diagnosis of fetal disorders. What are fetal medical   optiosn for the various fetal disorders. misc 2005
67 Biology   and role of cytokines in newborn infants misc 2006
68 candidiasis   in neonates misc 2006
69 Fetal   circulation and cardiovascular adujustment at birth misc 2006
70 fetal   monitoring misc 2006
71 occupational   and envionrnmental risks to the fetus misc 2006
72 oranization   and levels of newborn care misc 2006
73 prenatal   diagnosis and fetal therapy misc 2006
74 write   notes on embryological development of abdominal diaphragm and types of   congenital diaphragmatic hernia misc 2006
75 non   immune hydrops fetalis misc 2007
76 Retinopathy   of prematurity misc 2007
77 SN   Steroids in neonatal care misc 2007
78 Discuss   the impact of pain on a preterm neonate.Idntify common procedures associated   with pain in a new born.Describe the strategies for pain management in   newborn. misc 2008
79 Write   the components, pre requisites and benefits of kangaroo mother care. misc 2008
80 Enumerate   common peripheral nerve injuries in neonates. Descrive their clinical   characteristics and outline the management. misc 2009
81 What   is BFHI (Baby Friendly Hospital Initiative)? Mention its aims &   objective, steps, benefits & assessment of baby friendly hospitals. misc Dec.11 2+2+2+2+2
82 SN  pathogenesis of NEC NEC 1997
83 SN   etiology and pathology of neonatal Necrotizing enterocolitis NEC 2000
84 Discuss   the  clinical features diagnosis and   management of neonatal necrotizing enterocolitis. NEC 2009
85 Discuss   the pathophysiology, classification & diagnostic features of necrotizing   enterocolitis. NEC Dec.10 4+3+3
86 SN   infection control in neonatal intensive care unit. nicu 1998
87 CPAP nicu 2006
88 Fluid   therapy in special situations in neonates nicu 2006
89 A   term child is born apnoeic. What information of the perinatal events you   woluld like to know? What are the initial steps of management in the labor   rooom? What are the possible compleicatiosn in next 48 hours. NRP 2008
90 Describe   the changes taking place in circulation at birth and their implications in   neonatal resucitation. NRP 2009
91 Discuss   the approach to diagnosis of Persistent Pulmonary Hypertension of Newborn   (PPHN). Outline the available modalities of management highlighting their key   features ,in a tabular format. PPHN Dec.10 4+6
92 SN   surfactant therapy in HMD RDS-HMD 1996
93 SN  BPD RDS-HMD 1997
94 SN   surfactant therapy RDS-HMD 1998
95 discuss   respiratory distress syndrome with special reference to surfactant therapy RDS-HMD 1999
96 Discuss   briefly the dfifferential diagnosis of respiratory distress in newborn and   outline the advances in the management of HMD. RDS-HMD 2001
97 SN  pathophysiology of transient tachypnea of   the newborn and its management. RDS-HMD 2001
98 Describe   the surgical causes of Respiratory Difficulty in the newborn RDS-HMD 2002
99 Etiology,   pathognesis and mangement of neonate with RDS RDS-HMD 2006
100 Enumerate   congenital anomalies presenting as severe respiratory distress in a newborn.   Describe the pre-operative & post operative care of a neonate with   tracheo- esophageal fistula. RDS-HMD June.10 4+3+3
101 Discuss   the pathophysiology of hyaline membrane disease in premature newborns. RDS-HMD Dec.10 10
102 SN   kidney functions in the neonate renal 1998
103 SN   renal functions during neonatal period renal 1999
104 SN  intra uterine growth retardation renal 2001
105 SN  rapid diagnostic tests in a supected cases   of neonatal septicemia. SEPSIS 1996
106 SN  why preterm babies are suceptible to   bacterial infections SEPSIS 1996
107 SN  newer modalities in the management of   neonatal sepsis SEPSIS 1999
108 SN   screening tests for neonatal sepsis SEPSIS 2000
109 adjuvant   therapy in neonatal sepsis SEPSIS 2006
110 sepsis   screen in neonate/    ECMO SEPSIS 2006
111 Differential   diagnosis of neonatal sepsis SEPSIS 2007
112 Discuss   various adjunct therapies in neonatal sepsis SEPSIS 2008
113 Discuss   the predisposing factors, causative agents, methods of diagnosis and   treatment of neonatal osteomyelitis SEPSIS 2009
114 A   3 day old home delivered boy ( wt 1.45 kg, gesation 34 weeks) is brought to   you with abnormal body movements and not accepting feeds. The child is cold   to touch and capillary filling time is 5 sec. Outline the immediate, short   term and long term management of this child. SEPSIS 2009
115 Discuss   the principles of care of the skin in neonates. Outline the role of touch   & massage therapy in newborn infants. skin Dec.10 4+3+3
116 SN  management of neonatal hypoglycemia Sugar 1998
117 Complications   in infants born to diabetic mother sugar 2007
118 Discuss   the complications of foetus and newborn of a mother with diabetes during   pregnancy. Sugar 2008
119 Define   hypoglycemia. Describe clinical features & management of hypoglycemia in   newborn & children. Sugar Dec.11
120 SN   thermal regulation in the newborn. temp 1998
121 SN  physiogy and biochemical consequences of   hypothermia in neonates temp 1999
122 SN   prevention of hypothermia in the newborn temp 1999
123 Neonatal   thyroid screening thyroid 2007


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