Electrolyte disturbances & Emergency medicine Theory Questions of DNB

30 March 2012, 19:32

Dr. Tushar Maniar


These are Questions on Electrolyte disturbances & Emergency medicine asked in DNB Theory Exams. They are arranged topic wise.

SN   interpretation of blood gases and acid base parameters ABG 1996
SN  physiological   compensetory mechanisms during metabolic acidosis ABG 1997
Ouline the normal mechanism of acid base regulation in children.   What is anion gap. Describe the causes and management of a child with   metabolic acidosis. ABG 2007
describe briefly how the acid base balance of the body is   maintained in health. ABG 1998
SN anion gap ABG 1998
List the causes of metabolic alkalosis. Describe the   pathophysiology, clinical features and treatment. ABG 2008
Classify & enlist the causes of metabolic alkalosis. Outline   the treatment modalities. Acidosis June.10 3+3+4
how will you assess that a ten year olf child who has fallen   unconscious in front of you required basic life support. What are the steps   for basic life support to such a child ( as per AHA guidelines) BLS 2009
Near drowning in children Drowning 2006
18 month old child was brought to you after he fall upside down   in a tub filled with water. Briefly describe the possible injuries and   preventive strategies to avoud similar situation in future. Drowning 2008
Describe the pathogenetic mechanism of injury in near drowning.   Discuss the steps of initial resuscitation and subsequent hospital  management. Drowning 2008
SN pathogenesis and management of hypernatremic dehydration Electrolyte 1997
SN – pathogensesis of oedema Electrolyte 1995
SN  inappropriate   secretion of antidiuretic hormone. Electrolyte 1999
A one year old boy weighing 5.5 kg comes in severe dehydration.   Discuss complete management Electrolyte 2007
SN management of hypernatremic dehydration Electrolyte 2005
pathophysiology of regulation of plasma osmolality Electrolyte 2006
steps in the management of patient with hypernatremic   dehydration Electrolyte 2006
Discuss the causes, predisposing factors and pathophysiolgy of   hypernatremic dehydration in young children Electrolyte 2007
Describe the pathophysiology of hyponatremic dehydration.   Discuss the management of a child with serum sodium 110meq/l presenting with   moderate dehydration and seizures. Electrolyte 2008
Define hyponatremia. Enumerate the etiology of hyponatremia.   Describe the management of hypovolemic hyponatremia. electrolyte Dec.10 2+3+5
Define hypokalaemia. Enlist its causes & outline clinical   features & its treatment. electrolyte Dec.2009 1+3+2+4
Define hypernatremia. Describe the pathophysiological changes   & steps of management of hypernatremia. electrolyte June.10 2+4+4
Define hypernatremia. Enumerate the etiology of hypernatremia.   Describe the management of hypernatremia dehydration. Electrolyte June.11 2+3+5
Define anion gap. Enlist causes of increased anion gap acidosis   & discuss its management in brief. Electrolyte June.11 2+3+5
Provide classification of burns injury . Describe the clinical   manifestation of electrical burns. Outline emergency management of a child   with 20% burns. Emergency Dec.11
Briefly discuss the non invasive estimation of gas exchange in   children Lateral Thinking 2004
SN pulse oximetry and its limitations Misc 1998
How is the degree of burns classified? Write the initial fluid   therapy for a one year old child weighing 10 kg with 20 %, second degree   burns. Misc 2006
cold injury Misc 2007
SN  pain management in   infants and children Pain 1998
pathogenesis and management of pain in children Pain 2006
Enumerate various sedatives and analgesics recommended for   children undergoing painful procedures. Descrive their main action   indicationin pediatric practice and important side effects in tabular format. Pain 2008
SN – lead toxicity in children Poisoning 1995
SN  organophosphorus   insectiside poisoning Poisoning 1995
SN  specific antidotes Poisoning 1997
stages and management of severe iron poisoning in childen Poisoning 2006
Management of lead poisoning and OP poisoning Poisoning 2007
3 year old boy has swallowed an unnown amount of toilet cleaner   and is brought to you in disress. Discuss the possible injuries, initial and   late management of this patient. Poisoning 2008
8 year old child was bitten by a snake. Discuss the different   types of pathological changes the patient can go through. How do you grade   the severity of envenomation and discuss the management. Poisoning 2008
Enumerate the major routes of pesticide exposure in children,   outline the manifestations of their toxicity. Discuss steps for minimization/   prevention of exposure to pesticides in children Poisoning 2008
outline the prehospital and hospital management of a 10 year old   boy bitten by a poisonous snake. Poisoning 2009
SN                  Physiological basis and therapeutic utility of nitric oxide Ventilation 1998
types of acute respiratory failure in children modes of assisted   ventilation and indications for the samein children Ventilation 2006
Describe the various pressures which are used during mechanical   ventilation. What is Cycling and Control in mechanical ventilator? Describe   the differences in pressure controlled and volume controlled ventilation.   Illlustrate with suitable indication use of these forms of ventialation. Ventilation 2008
What are the criteria used to diagnose ARDS. Write in brief the   pathogenesis , clinical features and lab findings of the same. Discuss the   treatment and ventilatory strategies in management of ARDS. Ventilation 2008
SN  why children are more   vulnerable to develop dehydration 1996

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