Cardiology Theory Questions of DNB

26 March 2012, 18:18

Dr. Tushar Maniar


These are Questions on Cardiology asked in DNB Theory Exams. They are arranged topic wise.

Enumerate   the causes & outline the characteristics & treatment of   Superventricular Tachycardia (SVT) in an infant. arrhythmia Dec.10 3+3+4
SN Supraventricular tachycardia Arrythmia 2001
Describe the etiopathogenesis of SVT in children. Discuss the   diagnosis and management of a child with SVT Arrythmia 2004
What are the cuases, manifestations and management of a young   child wit supra ventricular tachycardia Arrythmia 2005
Classify stable and unstable arrhythmias. Discuss the types of   SVT with their ECG changes.) outline the approach to manage unstable   arrhythmia. Arrythmia 2008
Draw an algorithm for managing pulseless ventricular tachycardia   and Ventricular fibrillations. Arrythmia 2008
Management of Patent Ductus Arteriosus (PDA) in preterm   neonates. Cardio June.10 10
Classify anti-arrhythmic drugs used in children. Describe the   mechanism of action & uses of amiodarone. Cardio June.10 5+5
Enumerate common pathogens of infective endocarditis. List   conditions/interventions which require prophylaxis for infective endocarditis   in a child with underlying heart disease. Outline antibiotic therapy for a   child with RHD & infective endocarditis. Cardio June.11 2+3+5
define septic shock. Describe etio-pathogenesis & clinical   features in a 15 month old child presenting with septic shock. Cardio Dec.11 2+4+4
SN  Cardiomyopathy Cardiomyopathy 1995
Discuss the aetiopathogenesis and management of primary   cardiomyopathy Cardiomyopathy 1996
SN Diagnosis of cardiomyopathy Cardiomyopathy 1996
Describe briefly the pathophysiology of congestive cardiac   failure and    management of refractory   failure CCF 1998
Discuss the approach to a child with acute congestive heart   failure CCF 2000
Discuss the pathogenesis of CCF and the role of   vasodialators  in its management CCF 2006
Refractory congestive heart failure ; causes and management CCF 2007
Discuss the role of vasodialator therapy in CCF. Enumerate   various vasodialtor agents use in CCF and their respective mechanism of   action. CCF 2008
Hemodynamics and diagnosis of Ebsteins disease CHD 1995
How do you classify congenital cyanotic heart diseases. Discuss   their management CHD 1997
SN Complications of Fallot’s tetrology and their management CHD 1999
Discuss the various minimally surgical invasive devices and   procedure available for the management of common congenital heart disease in   children. CHD 2007
Pathophysiolgy ,    diagnosis and treatmen tof Eisen menger syndrome. CHD 2007
List the causes of CCF in a 2 year old child. Describe different   types of VSD according to position and size. Writeh indicators of surgical   intervention/ device closure. CHD 2008
A one year old child is referred for an asymptomatic cardiac   murmur. Outline the likely causes. Ow will you differentiate an innocent
murmur from that of a congenital heart disease, on clinical ground?
CHD 2009
Pathogens, clinical features & management of infective   endocarditis. CVS June.10 2+4+4
Fetal circulation & changes after birth. CVS June.10 5+5
Depict diagrammatically fetal circulation. Highlight its unique   features differentiating it from neonatal circulation. Outline important   changes occurring at birth. CVS June.11 4+3+3
 SN Pathophysiology of   cyanotic spell. cyanotic spell 2002
What are the congenital heart diseases associated with cyanotic   spells. Write clinical presentatio and management of cyanotic spell. cyanotic spell 2004
SN – Investigations in a child with hypertension HT 1995
SN Treatment of hypertenison HT 1996
Discuss etiology, diagnosis, and management of childhood   hypertension HT 2000
SN      Severe hypertension in infancy HT 2000
Discuss the causes of hypertension in a 7 year old child,   approach of investigation and management of such a case HT 2002
Essential hypertension in children HT 2007
Discuss the treatment of hypertension in children. Classify the   drugs used to treat hypertension and briefly mention their mechanism of   action. HT 2007
SN use of corticosteroids in cardio respiratoy disorders in   children Lateral Thinking 1997
Preventive cardiology in adolescents Misc 2007
SN Significance of second heart sound in clinical practice Misc. 1998
SN Cardiovascular risk factors in children Misc. 1996
SN Primary endocardial fibroelastosis Misc. 1998
Draw a labeled diagram of foetal circulation . Indicate partial   pressure of Oxygen and oxygen saturation values at key points in this   circulation. Misc. 2008
SN Diagnosis and mangement of constrictive pericarditis Pericarditis 1999
SN Treament of acute rheumatic carditis Rheumatic 1997
SN Management of cardiogenic shock Shock 1996
Discuss the pathophysiolgy of cardiogenic shock. How are the   various hemodynamic parameters affected in cardiogenic shock? Discuss steps   in monitring and treatment of cardiogenic shock. Shock 2008

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